Category Archives: Academic Earth/Env. Science

Mrs. Brown’s Earth/Environmental Science Class

Semester 2 Grade Finalized

Thanks to ALL of you who requested the numerical average be posted for your second semester grade. This will help your Class Rank and GPA going forward. As of 1:30 pm June 11 all the changes that I received from Dr. Ashburn have been entered into Powerschool. You may now go there to verify that your Earth/Environmental Science grade has reverted to the numerical average. Have a wonderful summer!

Deadline this week for 2nd Semester Numerical

If you want to have your Semester 2 grade posted to your transcript as a NUMERICAL average (instead of the Default of Pass COVID-19) then you must submit your request before Friday May 29th at 4pm. If you have an A or B average listed in Powerschool right now for Quarter 3, then you should definitely fill out the FORM to have your grade posted numerically. Here is the link for the FORM you should use.

Grade Recovery Forms!

Broughton’s Grade Recovery Forms are due today, Monday May 18th, before 4pm. This signals your intention or desire to improve either your Semester 1 average OR your Quarter 3 average (from Powerschool)

Go to the “streaming” section of my Google Classroom to access a document that contains the LINKS and answers questions about what this means for you.

Second Semester Grades

This is a QUOTE from Broughton and NCDPI

FROM BHS ”Thank you for your inquiry regarding the updated grading policy for grades 9-11. We are working with the county to identify appropriate next steps with grading and will share that information with our school community as soon as we have further guidance. Procedures for determining final numeric grade vs. PC19 grade will be communicated once we receive further details.”

  • High (9-11):  Students will be given a choice between (1) a numerical average and (2) a Pass / Withdrawal for the final grade.  For yearlong courses, the fall semester grade will be counted in the GPA but the choice remains for the spring semester work.
  • Across all grade levels, students will not be penalized for work that they are unable to complete during the period of remote learning.

How to log in to Google Classroom

Last week I sent all of you an invitation to join our Earth Science Google Classroom. The invite was sent to you wcpss email. This is the email you should use to access our Class.

The class code is avoq4fs

Here is the link for Mrs. Brown’s Earth Science Google Meet.

Here is a tutorial on how to access this program

I will “formally” roll out assignments beginning April 13th. Expect about 3 assignments per week that can be completed anytime that week. The due date will be the following Sunday night (April 19th for the first week’s assignments).

NASA discovers something interesting

Here is an optional extension activity I wrote yesterday that relates to our current unit on Climate Change and COVID-19. Email me at with your thoughts, answers, or questions.

Setting up Google Classroom for us. Mrs. Brown’s Earth Science


Chapter 14 Text online

I found a link to the chapter we are studying from a Buncombe County site. If you want to read and study, focus on Greenhouse Effect, Deforestation, Global Warming CO2, Volcanic Winter, Acid precipitation, El Nino, Maunder Minimum & Sunspot Activity. All of chapter 14 is good, especially 14.4. After Clicking on the link, you must DOWNLOAD. Access to Chapter 14 only

Climate Change Flashcards

We don’t know when we will be back at school, but I felt like I wanted to provide something to finish out our Climate Unit. We only had 2 more new topics to cover; Deforestation and El Nino, When we go back to class, The Climate unit could be wrapped up in 2-3 periods. My plan for Ecology included a project but no test. The final unit is “Human Impact On the Environment” and is the most important for the North Carolina Final Exam (but we don’t even know if we will still be required to have these). We must remain flexible in the very unique and fluid situation. I am checking my email daily. If you have questions, please contact me there at Try to walk outside, enjoy the sunshine and stay healthy! Here are the flashcards and review documents

Atmosphere & Weather Test this week!

Our Chapter test for Weather and The Atmosphere will be Thursday March 5th for A-Day and Friday March 6th for B-Day. This is one day off our Pacing Guide but since we had 2 days lost to severe weather, I thought it would be best for everyone. We will be back on track with our next unit on Climate. Here are the flashcards for the Test and a diagram that shows how to interpret Station Models.

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

BOYAN SLAT Born July 1994 (now 26 years old)   In 2011, at age 16, Slat came across more plastic than fish while diving in Greece. He decided to devote a high school project for deeper investigation into ocean plastic pollution and why it was considered impossible to clean up.    He later came up with the idea to build a passive system, using the circulating ocean currents to his advantage. He founded The Ocean Cleanup in 2013, and shortly after, his TEDx talk went viral after being shared on several news sites.   It raised US$2.2 million through a crowd funding campaign with the help of 38,000 donors from 160 countries.  

The OCEAN Clean Up

Image result for boyan slat ocean cleanup

The Interceptor Project– designed to remove plastic from the rivers that empty into the world’s ocean. 

Related image

There are 1,000 rivers that contribute to 80% of the plastic that gets into the ocean. Many are in Indonesia, China, India, or Africa.

TEST Mon 1/13 and Tues 1/14

The last test of the second quarter will be on Monday and Tuesday for Surface and Groundwater. The Honors test will be worth 93 points and the Academic Test will count for 90 points. The flashcards for the test are located in the previous post and can count for extra credit on the Test if you bring them with you to class on test day. These grades will be the final additions for the semester. Our next unit on Oceanography will begin the 3rd Quarter grade book in Powerschool. Please study so that you can finish the Quarter strong!

Surface and Groundwater Unit

Our Test for Surface and Groundwater will be Monday Jan 13th for A-Day and Tuesday January 14th for B-Day. Remember that you can make flashcards for extra credit on the test. Just bring you flashcard set to class on test day. Here are the flashcards for this test.

Using your cellphone, or prohibited technology, during a Test (or even during class) can get you into big trouble at Broughton High School. Certain violations in the classroom can trigger a chain of events that are outside my control. Violations of Honor Code or the Integrity Policy have a set procedure that must be followed according to Wake County School Board Policy. It involves an official discipline referral to the Principal with consequences, notifying the parents, as well as a different assessment for the offender. An additional reminder that “Cheating” does include taking a picture of your work to send it to another student. Using Copies of review sheets is never permitted during Testing. A dishonest act can keep a student from participating in the certain Honor Societies at Broughton and may have repercussions for student-athletes. As we enter 2020 let us recommit to follow the rules outlined in the Student Agenda.

Here is the link to Wake County Policy for the Honor Code

2019 Astronomy Unit

Here is the Powerpoint for the “Essential Vocabulary” Lesson featuring the 4 motions of planet Earth 1) Rotation= 24 hours in a day 2) Revolution= 365 days in a year 3) Precession= 26,000 years in a period 4) Nutation= 19 years in a cycle.

Here is the Powerpoint for Phases of the Moon and Eclipses

The Test for this unit will be Wed Dec 4th for B-Day and Thursday Dec 5th for A-Day. There are Test diagrams that cover eclipses, tides, phases of the moon, etc. I also have created a flashcard template for most of the Vocabulary on the test.

Weathering, Erosion, and Soil

The Test for our new unit on Weathering, Erosion, and Soil will be Wed Nov 6th for B-Day and Thursday Nov 7th for A-Day. B-Day will lead this unit after Halloween due to our Make-Up day creating TWO B-Days in a row! (B-Days =Thurs Oct 31st and Monday Nov 4th)

Here are the flashcards for this unit–PLUS a few test diagrams to use in your study.

There will be 2 Honors assignments for this unit. The first will look at the events that led up to the Dust Bowl in the 1930’s Plains States. We will use two video clips to examine this work: Ken Burns’ PBS documentary “The Dust Bowl” and the Science Fiction Movie “Interstellar” directed by Chris Nolan. Here is a companion document to help guide your analysis of the Science Fiction viewpoint versus the PBS documentary (based on the actual event).


The Test for Earthquakes, Faults, and Volcanoes will be Tues 10/22 for A-Day classes and Wed 10/23 for B-Day classes. Flashcards for extra credit are located in a previous post, and are due on Test Day.

HONORS students must turn in their project by their class period Tues or Wed. If you need links, rubrics, or clarification please visit the earlier post where those items are located. My “Teacher Notes” has links that may be helpful. Remember, you should consider the wider area around your location. For example, If you have Los Angeles search for Quakes in California. Search for all quakes or volcanoes in Mexico if you have Mexico City. Don’t focus solely on your city. For example, Search for most recent earthquakes on the Canary Islands-or recent volcanic eruptions in Hawaii. Include only the most recent 10 events or so. If you have a Powerpoint or Google Slides SHARE with me at

New Quakes and Volcanoes Unit

Our Test for Earthquakes, Faults, and Volcanoes will be Tues October 22nd for A-Day classes and Wednesday October 23rd for the B-Day classes. The Honors projects are due on the same day, Honors students should be prepared to talk/present for approximately 3 minutes on the work that they did. I would prefer that the Honors students turn in a paper copy of your Powerpoint or Google Slides, but you can e-mail it to me at

Here is the pdf of the Test Review flashcards

Plate Tectonics Unit

Test is scheduled for Thursday October 3rd (A-day) and Friday October 4th (B-day)

Here are the Test Review Flashcards that you can use to study or make for extra credit

Here is the Geologic Time Scale we will study for the formation of the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.

Here are a few You Tube type video to use as tutorials.

Continental Drift is explained

Sonar Explores the Ocean floor

Flashcards for First Unit Test

Our First Test is planned for (A-Day) Thurs Sept 12 and (B-Day) Friday Sept 13. I will try to stay on track even if we miss a day due to Hurricane Dorian. But if the schedule changes, I will notify you here.

Here are the Test Review Flashcards that you can make for extra credit! Cut notecards in half and write the clue from the left column on one side and the right side on the back of the each card. There are 2 flashcards in each row of the document. You can simply use these to study as well but if you want the Extra Credit you must bring them with you to class on Test Day.